During these first two decades of century, we have witnessed an intense mobilization around the protection of intellectual creativity, whose most expressive struggle relies on the recognition of traditional knowledge. The intellectual productions based on tradition get a new meaning with the globalization. Around them, there are mobilizations seeking international recognition of the legal equality of people’s intellectual expression.
An expanded notion of traditional knowledge includes a set of practices and everyday knowledge, agricultural and ecological, linked to biodiversity and folkloric expression, under the form of folk music, dance, songs, crafts, drawings, body painting, elements of language – with the names, geographical indications and symbols of the ceremonial sequences. Traditional knowledge is not static, it’s dynamic and successively transformed. It’s not defined by the age but by how it’s been acquired and how it is used. Considering that it is relational, it is not possible therefore to develop one single definition, exclusive and fixed for such knowledge, as the evolutionary interpretations proclaim.
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